What it is?
To be benevolent, you need:
· To be capable of treating others as one would be treated oneself .
· To be courageous.
· To be still.
· To be the first to take a difficult job and the last to think about reward.
· To devote yourself constantly.
· To embrace five qualities : gravity, tolerance, trustworthiness, diligence, and generosity.
· To help others establish what yourself wishes to establish and achieve something you wishes to achieve.
· To lay down your life.
· To love.
· To never worry.
· To pursue virtue.
· To simply study and work tirelessly and teach others patiently.
· To study the rites and music.
· To take delight in mountains.
It is more vital to the common people than water and fire.
What it is not?
To be benevolent, it is not:
· To be a courageous man.
· To be a nobody, who does not stick to benevolence, nor to his belief.
· To be a petty man.
· To be greedy for profit.
· To be hard to emulate.
· To be too great to surpass in learning.
· To cling cravenly to life instead of braving death.
· To give precedence even to your teacher.
· To have never done others down, to have bragged about yourself, to have a grudge against others, or to be covetous.
· To jump in yourself in order to rescue the man in the well; you may be cheated but never to be fooled into taking unintelligent actions.
· To look for benevolence if you has learned widely, inquired earnestly, and dealt with things throughfully.
· To love benevolence without loving learning
· To not give up your position and leave your state; not to go to two other states, leave again, for you found the rulers of these states were just…
· To not look happy when you are appointed to office three times, nor to look unhappy when you are removed from office three times; not to tell your successor what you had done in his term of office.
· To speak with honeyed words and to pretend to be kind.
· To speak with honeyed words and to pretend to be kind.
· To talk about benevolence and to go back on benevolence in practice
How to get it?
In order to become benevolent, you need:
· As a craftman, to prepare your tools beforehand in order to do your work well.
· To always be careful in speech.
· To be respectful to parents, to be conscientious in official affairs, to be loyal and to honest to friends.
· To deal with your work as earnestly and conscientiously as you receive a distinguished guest; to call up the common people for corvée labour as coutiously as if you were at a sacrificial ceremony; never to impose upon others what you dislike yourself
· To have these four qualities of unyieldingness, resoluteness, modesty and cautiousness in speech.
· To imitate your superiors.
· To love everyone and yet make close friends only with those of benevolence.
· To restrain yourself in order to observe the rites: not to look at things that do not accord with the rites; not to listen to things that do not accord with the rites; not to say anything that does not accord to the rites; and do not do anything that does not accord to the rites.
· To serve those among the senior officials who are virtuous, and to make friends with those among the educated who are benevolent.
· To take responsibility when common people make mistakes.
What it will give to you?
· The benevolent achieve longevity while the wise enjoy life.
· When you are filial and benevolent, and people will be loyal to you.
· When you make friends with those trustworthy and honest, and you are observant to benevolence, then you can cultivate virtue.
· With gravity you will not be humiliated; tolerance brings the support of the multitude; trustworthiness wins the trust of others; diligence paves the way to success; and generosity makes it easy to exercice control over others.
What comes after it?
What comes after benevolence?:
· No to forget to practive benevolence.
· Not to lose the position of power that one has attained through wisdom and talent.
· Not to resent?
· The rites.
· To attain a position of power with wisdom and talent, to keep it, and at the same time, to command the multitude with conscience.
· To be a good orator.
· To be a suitable choice for the job of receiving foreign guests.
· To be able to tell whom to love and whom to hate.
· To be appointed magistrate of a town with one thousand households.
· To be appointed steward in a noble manor with a hundred chariots.
· To be free from evil.
· To be given responsibility of managing military affairs in a state of one thousand chariots.
· To enfeoff other benevolent men.
· To gain the support of the multitude.
· Woman beauty.
What about not having it?
· You make trouble.
· As a minister, you should resign your office.
It’s difficult to get it?
· A scholar must be resolute and steadfast, for his burden is heavy and his road is long. To practise the virtue of benevolence in the world is his burden. Is that not heavy? Only with death does his journey come to an end. Is that not long?
· Even with the rise of a sagacious ruleer, it will still take him thirty years to realise benevolent governement.
· I cannot expect to see a benevolent man, but it is enough to see a man who persists in principle.
· I have neither seen a man who really loves benevolence, nor a man who really hates unbenevolence. A man who really loves benevolence is the rightest in virtue, and a man who really hates unbenevolence may only considered benevolent in the sense that he would not allow unbenevolent people to contaminate him. Is there anyone who is willing to devote all his energy to benevolence for a whole day? Though I could find no one who does not possess the energy, yet I have never seen such a man who has devoted himself to it. Or perhaps there is such a person, but I have not yet come across him.
· Is benevolence really far away from us? You only have to really want it and it will come.
· Seldom did Confucius talk about profit, fate and benevolence.
· Who can go out of a room except through its door? So why is no one following my way of benevolence?