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Childcare Services

By Bernard

This is the Report Paper from Jacqueline Forbes about the Canadian Childcare Services Industry.  Here are his original front page and table of contents.

Canada’s Childcare Services Industry
An Economic Report
Jacqueline Forbes

November 2008
Group 502
CMR Saint-Jean
Bernard Gagne

Table of contents


Defining the Canadian Childcare Services Industry

Childcare Professionals

Available Spaces

Other Issues

Low Wages for Caregivers and High Rates for Parents

A) Low Wages for Caregivers
B) High Rates for Parents

Government Funding

A) A “Patchwork” System
B) Subsidies
C) Quebec

Personal Reflection




Annex #1 –  Average wage at a unionized, non-profit childcare centre in 2004
Annex #2 –  Number and percentage of female lone parent families in Canada 2001
Annex #3 –  Average annual wages and salaries of child day care centre workers, 1991-2000
Annex #4 –  Figure 1 – GDP per Capita
   Figure 2 – Public spending on families
   Figure 3 – Public spending on ELCC programs
Annex #5 –  Overview of subsidies across Canada



“I believe the children are our future.” These lyrics, sung by Whitney Houston in 1986, are more than just simple lyrics to a popular song. The fact that our children do represent the future of our country is an extremely valid point; however, the current childcare services industry in Canada does not represent this reality.

In many families these days at least one parent, if not both parents, have full-time jobs. What happens then, for example, when it comes time for the mother to go back to work after her maternity leave, and there are no available spaces in childcare? Or, what if the costs for putting this child into care are so high, that it would be impossible to have the child in full-time care and still manage to make ends meet?

What usually ends up happening is that the parents are forced to settle for less than adequate care, and the child does not receive the full benefits that a regulated daycare with well-trained staff is able to supply. The reason behind this, unfortunately, is the lack of our government’s recognition for the need of a nationwide childcare services industry, one that supports availability, affordability, accessibility and accountability.

The childcare services industry in Canada is entirely insufficient for the population, and it is time for changes to be made. The following report will outline some of the main problems with the current Canadian childcare system, as well as a step towards improvement. It will also look at the Quebec system, as it has its own policies in place, which are different to the rest of Canada.

The problems that will be elaborated include the overall issue with finding and maintaining a high quality of trained staff, the lack of spaces in centre, and other general issues with childcare across the country. Further problems to be discussed are the low wages for childcare employees, which go right alongside high rates for parents, and the overall lack of government funding for the Canadian childcare system. One step towards improvement involves the subsidy grant programs, respective to each province and territory. 

Overall, there is a lot of progress to be made in Canada’s childcare system. Through research, statistics, as well as some personal opinion, this point shall be made perfectly clear.  

Childcare Services 

  1. Defining the Canadian Childcare Services Industry<
  2. Childcare Professionals<
  3. Available Spaces<
  4. Other Issues about Childcare<
  5. Low Wages for Caregivers<
  6. High Rates for Parents<
  7. Government Funding: A “Patchwork” System<
  8. Government Subsidies<
  9. Québec Childcare System<
  10. Mediagraphy on Childcare<
  11. Conclusion on Childcare<